Open the Archives of the Yugoslavia Tribunal!

Petition to open the archives of the ICTY

Open the Archives of the Yugoslavia Tribunal!

The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia holds a repository of over ten million unique items of immense value. It is of utmost importance that its preservation and accessibility are guaranteed.

The establishment of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in 1993 was a milestone in the international community’s pursuit of global justice. While violence was raging in the former Yugoslav states of Bosnia-Herzegovina and Croatia, the UN Security Council made a commitment to punish those responsible for the atrocities committed by all parties to the conflict. Today, twenty-two years after its founding, it has completed 147 highly complex cases. Trials against four final high-profile suspects – including Bosnian Serb President Karadžić and Bosnian Serb Army General Mladić – are expected to be completed in the coming year. When the Tribunal closes its doors in 2017 its contribution to international justice will be undeniable.

The international prosecution of war criminals has relied on evidence found in official documents from political and military units, personal diaries and note books of the accused, meeting transcripts and witness statements. Further, the prosecution has made use of photographs, films, radio recordings and numerous other sources. All these unique materials are currently stored in the repository of the Tribunal’s Office of the Prosecutor. They form the key to understanding the dark pages of the region’s history that left over 100,000 people dead.

With the imminent closure of the Tribunal, it is essential that its guarantors commit to the development of this vast and unique collection of materials into a consolidated and easily accessible archive. There are three important reasons why this commitment should form a priority in the Tribunal’s completion strategy, all three related to the establishment of a historical record of the wars that tore apart the former Yugoslavia.

First of all, the repository contains information that could help victims’ relatives find out what happened to their loved ones. While most victims of the wars have been identified and buried, many relatives still search for information on the exact circumstances under which deaths have occurred. They deserve to have access to the Tribunal’s sources that could provide the answers they need to cope with their losses. That archives can provide such support to survivors is proven by the German Holocaust archive in Bad Arolsen, which performs a similar function for Holocaust survivors. More than 70 years after the end of the Second World War, the archive still responds to thousands of requests from victim-relatives every year.

Secondly, the materials represent an unrivalled source to historians of the region’s violent past, who attempt to establish the causes of the crimes. Establishing a baseline of historical truth about the violence is essential to learn the lessons of the past and prevent recurrence in the future. But the scientific value of the materials goes far beyond the particular region where the crimes occurred. Social scientific research on mass violence has increased our understanding of armed conflict and is gives us vital insights into identifying the political, societal, cultural and psychological factors that lead to these atrocious crimes.

Finally, the creation of an accessible archive is a matter of integrity and fulfilling institutional promises. When the Dayton Agreement put a formal end to the war in November 1995, the Tribunal’s then President Antonio Cassese stated that “justice is an indispensable ingredient of the process of national reconciliation.” Indeed, while the Dayton agreement brought peace in the strictest terms – the end of military confrontation – war-torn societies require a long-term process of reconciliation and healing in order to create peace in a broader and more sustainable sense. Reconciliation is aided by the type of historical records created through the Tribunal’s proceedings, which prevents denial of the atrocities committed and provides counter-balance to any attempt at political manipulation of history. To live up to its commitment to long-term peace through reconciliation, it only makes sense that the Tribunal makes its records available to support this process. 

The records of the Tribunal thus carry major potential value to survivors of the wars, scientists concerned with understanding its causes and to the credibility of the Tribunal itself. In particular, the repository of the Prosecutor’s Office contains a vast amount of invaluable material, most of which has not even been fully utilized in the Tribunal’s many trials. To fulfill this potential, the repository needs to be structured into a full-fledged archive. Given that most of the materials have already been digitized, this should be a relatively straightforward and low-cost process. We fully respect the need to maintain confidentiality and are not seeking access to confidential items such as witness statements. Further, a rational mechanism must be developed to allow access to its sources, while respecting the confidentiality and sensitivity of documents. To do this successfully, the Tribunal will need to call in experts from existing archives that perform comparable functions, such as the aforementioned German Holocaust archive.

As the Tribunal prepares to close its doors and transfer its records to the Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals in the next year, there is urgency to these tasks, as employees with valuable knowledge of the repository's content are leaving the Tribunal. While a team of competent archivists is currently processing the archives, a well-articulated policy must still be developed to ensure the accessibility of the full archives for posterity. There is also a need to develop a user-friendly and powerful software interface to allow detailed and thorough searches of the electronic material. We recommend that the Tribunal call in experts from existing archives that perform comparable functions, such as the aforementioned German Holocaust archive. Further, we recommend the establishment of an external advisory committee made up of renowned archivists and ICTY research experts that would support the Tribunal in the development of its policies for the archive.

With the establishment of the Tribunal twenty two years ago the international community altered the course of history by making an unprecedented commitment to global justice. Now, it is time to make sure that the Tribunal’s legacy is preserved so that its history lives on.


List of Signatories:

  1. Dr. Saskia Baas, Lecturer, Universiteit van Amsterdam
  2. Prof. dr. Richard Ashby Wilson, Gladstein Chair of Human Rights, Professor of Law and Anthropology, University of Connecticut
  3. Dr. Christian Axboe Nielsen, Associate Professor, Aarhus University
  4. Tjitske Lingsma, Journalist, De Groene Amsterdammer
  5. Prof. dr. Peter Romijn, Senior Researcher, Netherlands Institute for War Documentation (NIOD)
  6. Dr. Vladimir Petrovic, Senior Researcher, Institute for Contemporary History, Belgrade
  7. Prof. mr. Wouter Veraart, Professor of Legal Philosophy, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
  8. Prof. Dr. Eric Ketelaar, Emeritus Professor of Archivistics, Universiteit van Amsterdam
  9. Mirko Klarin, journalist, SENSE
  10. Prof. Stephan Parmentier, Professor of Sociology of Crime, Law and Human Rights, University of Leuven
  11. Prof. Dr. Antoine Buyse , Professor of Human Rights, Utrecht University Law School
  12. Prof Dr. Abram de Swaan, Queen Wilhelmina Professor, Columbia University New York
  13. Jan Pronk, Former Minister for International Development Cooperation, The Netherlands
  14. Dr. Robert Donia, Research Associate, Center for Russian, East European, and Eurasian Studies, University of Michigan
  15. Prof. dr. William A. Schabas, Professor of International Law, Middlesex University

  16. András Riedlmayer, Bibliographer, Documentation Center for Islamic Architecture, Aga Khan Program, Harvard University

  17. Dr. Eric Gordy, Senior Lecturer in Southeast European Politics, University College London

  18. Dr. Lara J. Nettelfield, Lecturer in International Relations, Royal Holloway, University of London

  19. Dr. Gerard Toal, Director, Government & International Affairs, Virginia Tech

  20. Dr. Sarah Wagner, Associate Professor of Anthropology, George Washington University
  21. Prof. dr. Tone Bringa, Department of Social Anthropology, University of Bergen
  22. Peter W. Galbraith, U.S. Ambassador to Croatia (1994-1998)

  23. Prof. dr Mark A. Drumbl, Class of 1975 Alumni Professor of Law and Director, Transnational Law Institute, Washington and Lee University

  24. Prof. Beth Van Schaack, Leah Kaplan Visiting Professor in Human Rights (2014-15) Stanford Law School

  25. Prof. Dr. Anthony Oberschall, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill

  26. Dr. Leigh Swigart, Director of Programs in International Justice and Society, Brandeis University

  27. Prof. dr. Lawrence Douglas, James J. Grosfeld Professor of Law, Jurisprudence & Social Thought, Amherst College

  28. Richard de Boer, Journalist, de Volkskrant

  29. Dr. Sergey Vasiliev,  Assistant Professor of Public International Law, University of Leiden

  30. Marija Ristic, editor, Balkan Investigative Reporting Network

  31. Prof. dr. Steven R. Ratner, Bruno Simma Collegiate Professor of Law, University of Michigan

  32. Dr. Saad Eskander, National Archivist, Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Iraq
  33. Dr. Ana Ljubojevic, Postdoctoral fellow, University of Zagreb

  34. Wachira Waheire, Secretary/CEO, Centre for Memory and Development, Nairobi, Kenya

  35. Prof. Dr. R.M. Letschert, Director INTERVICT, Tilburg Law School

  36. Professor Dr. Samuel Moyn, Professor of Law and History, Harvard University

  37. Dr Marjorie Jobson, National Director, Khulumani Support Group, South Africa

  38. Dr. Rita Kesselring, Senior Lecturer, Institute of Social Anthropology, University of Basel

  39. Prof. dr Antoon De Baets, Professor of History, Ethics and Human Rights, University of Groningen

  40. Laura Boerhout, PhD candidate, Amsterdam School for Heritage and Memory Studies, University of Amsterdam

  41. Geert Luteijn MA, Research Master Student in History, University of Amsterdam

  42. Koen Kluessien MA, Research assistant, NIOD institute for War, Holocaust, and Genocide studies

  43. Prof. Dr. Dermot Groome, Visiting Professor of Law, Penn State, The Dickinson School of Law

  44. Prof. Barbara M. Oomen, Dean University College Roosevelt, Utrecht University

  45. Dr. Evelyne Schmid - Post Doctoral Researcher/Lecturer, University of Basel

  46. Dr. Joanna R. Quinn, Director, Centre for Transitional Justice and Post-Conflict Reconstruction, Western University

  47. Harvey M. Weinstein, MD, MPH, Senior Research Fellow, Human Rights Center, UC Berkley

  48. Dr. Victor Peskin, Associate Professor, School of Politics and Global Studies, Arizona State University

  49. Dr. Barbora Hola, Assistant Professor International Crimes and Criminology, VU University Amsterdam

  50. Dr. Chiseche Mibenge, Director for Community Engaged Learning and Human Rights, Stanford University

  51. Dr. Maria O'Reilly, Researcher, Department of Sociology, University of London

  52.  Prof. Natalie Zemon Davis, Professor of History emeritus, Princeton University

  53. Prof.dr. D.F.J. Bosscher, prof. emeritus in Contemporary History, University of Groningen

  54. Prof. Peter Stansky, Frances and Charles Field Professor of History Emeritus, Stanford University

  55.  Tomas Gonzalez Ruiz Rabago, Environmental Impact Assessment Evaluator, Instituto de Alcantarillados y Acueductos Nacionales, Panama

  56. Raul Quiñonez, Program Coordinator, Centro de Estudios Ambientales y Sociales Paraguay
  57. Dr.Victor Valembois, retired, Universidad de Costa Rica (UCR)

  58. Dr. Nico Randeraad, History Department, Maastricht University
  59. Prof. Herman Van Goethem, Law Faculty University of Antwerp & General Director Kazerne Dossin, Memorial and Museum on Holocaust and Human Rights, Mechelen

  60. Prof. Jill Stauffer, Associate Professor of Peace, Justice and Human Rights, Haverford College
  61. Drs. Marjan de Groot-Reuvekamp, Teacher in History,  Fontys Hogeschool Kind & Educatie

  62. Prof. Dr. Elisabeth Erdmann, prof. em. in History Didactics, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg

  63.  Prof. Francesco Benigno, University of Teramo, Italy

  64. Dr. Eddo Evink, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Groningen

  65. Mr. Peter Gunther CA, Archivist, Progressive Archivists

  66. Refik Hodzic, Communications Director, International Center for Transitional Justice

  67. Dr. Susan Hogervorst, Assistant professor Historical culture, Open University

  68. Prof. Dr. Estevão de Rezende Martins, Professor of History and International Relations, University of Brasilia

  69. Prof. Riki Van Boeschoten, Emeritus Professor of Social Anthropology, University of Thessaly, Greece

  70. Dr. Sacha Zala, Universität Bern

  71. Professor Andre Augusto da Fonseca, teacher, Roraima State University, Brazil

  72. Kate Doyle, Senior analyst, National Security Archive

  73. Grace Lile, Director of Operations, WITNESS

  74. Prof. Adolfo Gilly, Profesor Emérito, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM)

  75. Mange Ram Adhana, President, Association for promotion sustainable development. Hisar. India

  76. Ms. Kelsey Yarnell, MLIS student Kent State University

  77. Prof. Dr. Kaat Wils, Research Group Cultural History since 1750,  KU Leuven

  78. The Honourable Paul de Baets, President of the Marine Devision of the Court of Appeal at Antwerp

  79. Stefan Haagedoorn, Trainee, EUROCLIO, European Association of History Educators

  80. Dr. Bob Reinalda, Senior Researcher Political Science, Radboud University Nijmegen

  81. Sam Maat, trainee, EUROCLIO, European Association of History Educators

  82. Linda Haukland, PhD Candidate, North University

  83. Drs. Anne Helfrich, project cordinator, Netherlands Institute for War Documentation (NIOD)

  84. Francesca Di Pasquale, Postdoctoral Researcher, Netherlands Institute for War Documentation (NIOD)

  85. Lutske Holthuis, Student Bachelor of Arts (History), University of Groningen

  86. Dr. Bas von Benda-Beckmann, Researcher, NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies
  87. Peter Malcontent, Assistant Professor, Department History of International Relations, Utrecht University

  88. Dr. Ralf Futselaar, Researcher, NIOD Institute for war, Holocaust, and Genocide Studies

  89. Dr. Nina Witoszek, Research Director Center for Development and the Environment, Oslo University

  90. Christophe Busch, Managing Director, Kazerne Dossin Memorial, Museum and Documentation Centre on Holocaust and Human Rights, Belgium

  91. Dr. Nina Schneider, Global South Study Center (GSSC), University of Cologne

  92. Carlo Angeles, Executive Director, Somos el Presente

  93. Dr. Erik Somers, NIOD Institute for war, Holocaust, and Genocide Studies

  94. Prof. dr. Kees Ribbens, Senior Researcher / Endowed Professor, NIOD Institute for War-, Holocaust- and Genocide Studies / Erasmus University Rotterdam

  95. Dr. Karel Berkhoff, Senior Researcher, NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies

  96. Dr. José Gotovitch, Professeur Honoraire d’Histoire Contemporaine, l’Université Libre de Bruxelles

  97. Dr. Frank Haldemann, SNSF Professor of Law, Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights

  98. Natasha Marguli, Political Collections and Access Management Archivist, Arkansas State University

  99. Dr. Hilda Sabato, Investigadora Superior, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Argentina
  100. Dr. Anne J. Gilliland, Professor, Department of Information Studies, University of California

  101. Dr. Eric Strahorn, Associate Professor of History, Florida Gulf Coast University

  102. SamanthaWinn, Collections Archivist, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

  103. Mr. David Diaz-Jogeix, Director of Programmes, Article 19

  104.   

    Mr. Mathijs Eskes, Student, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen (RuG)

  105. Prof. Georg Iggers, Distinguished Prof. emeritus, State Univ of NY at Buffalo

  106. Prof. Paolo Pezzino, Professor emeritus, University of Pisa

  107. Prof. dr. Raymond Detrez (emiritus), Ghent University, Katholieke Universiteit van Leuven

  108. Ms. Flora Fleischer, Director, Open Knowledge Ireland

  109. Dr. Lore Colaert, Researcher, Flemish Peace Institute

  110. Dr. Blythe Alice Raviola, historian, indipendent scholar, Turin (Italy)

  111. Prof. dr. Nanci Adler, Department of History, University of Amsterdam

  112. Ziad El Baroudi, independent researcher, Belgium

  113. Dr. Philip Grant, Director, TRIAL (Track Impunity Always), Geneva

  114. Marina Demetriadou, PhD candidate, Department of History, University of Crete, Greece

  115. Prof. dr. Patrizia Violi, Professor of Semiotics, Università di Bologna

  116. Marijana Toma, Deputy Executive Director, Humanitarian Law Center

  117. Dr. Catherine Baker, Lecturer in 20th Century History, University of Hull

  118. Ditte Marie Munch-Jurisic, PhD Student, Minority Studies, University of Copenhagen

  119. Dr. Jasna Dragovic-Soso, Senior Lecturer in International Relations, Goldsmiths, University of London

  120. Prof. dr. Vikki Bell, Professor of Sociology, Goldsmiths, University of London

  121. Jessie Hronešová, DPhil Candidate in Politics, St Antony's College, University of Oxford

  122. Dr. Neven Andjelic, Senior Lecturer in International Relations and Human Rights, Regent's University London

  123. Dr. Jovana Mihajlović Trbovc, Postdoctoral Researcher, Institute for Culture and Memory Studies, Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts

  124. Prof. Renaud de la Brosse, Professor of Media and Communication Science, Linnaeus University Sweden

  125. Iva Vukusic, MA, PhD candidate, History Department, Utrecht University

  126. Dr. Brigitte Le Normand, Assistant Professor of History, University of British Columbia Okanagan

  127. Admir Jugo, PhD Candidate, Department of Anthropology, Durham University

  128. Dr. Maja Vukadinović, Assistant Professor, Academy of Fine Arts, Belgrade

  129. Dr. Srdja Pavlovic, Sessional Instructor, University of Alberta

  130. Prof. dr. Florian Bieber, Professor of Southeast European History and Politics, University of Graz

  131. Mr.Zlatan Ramusović, Master's Student in Philosophy, Concordia University

  132. Jasmin Mujanović, PhD candidate in Political Science, York University

  133. Zvezdana Vukojevic, writer and publisher Nieuw Amsterdam, the Netherlands

  134. Kiran Auerbach, PhD Candidate in Political Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

  135. Dr. Edin Hajdarpasic, Associate Professor of History, Loyola University Chicago

  136. Dr. Karlo Basta, Assistant Professor, Memorial University of Newfoundland

  137. Dr Tea Sindbæk Andersen, assistant professor, University of Copenhagen

  138. Dr. Darryl Li, Associate Research Scholar, Yale Law School

  139. Perrine Canavaggio, Conservateur Général Honoraire du Patrimoine, Archives Nationales de France

  140. Rory Archer, Researcher, Centre for Southeast European Studies, University of Graz

  141. Dr. Berber Bevernage, Assistant Professor, Department of History, Ghent University

  142. Ms Florence Hartman, Journalist, Le Monde, (Former spokesperson and advisor to the OTP at the ICTY and ICTR: 2000-2006)

  143. Prof. Maria Grazia Meriggi, Deparment of Language, literature and culture, Università Degli Studi di Bergamo

  144. Natasha Stamenkovikj, PhD candidate, Tilburg Law School, University of Tilburg

  145. Prof. dr. Padraic Kenney, Chair, Department of International Studies, Indiana University

  146. Prof. Dr. Ozan Erözden, Faculty Member, MEF University Law School, Istanbul

  147. Mr. Mario Mazic, Director of Programs, Youth Initiative for Human Rights, Croatia

  148. Dr. Andrey Edemskiy, Senior Research Fellow, Institute of Slavonic and Balkan Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences

  149. Dr. Jean Abshire, Associate Professor of Political Science & International Studies, Indiana University Southeast

  150. Dr. Sari Wastell, MA, PhD, Social and Legal Anthropology, Anthropology Department, Goldsmiths, University of London

  151. Dr. Soeren Keil, Reader in Politics and International Relations, Canterbury Christ Church University, UK

  152. Dr. Andreas Ernst, Correspondent Western Balkans, Neue Zürcher Zeitung

  153. Dr Ana Devic, Associate Professor of Sociology, Fatih University Istanbul

  154. Tijana Matijević, PhD candidate, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg

  155. Ms Marina Dogandžić, Manager, CSO Association for Peace in Kosovo

  156. Dr. Armina Galijaš, Assistant Professor, Centre for Southeast European Studies, University of Graz

  157. Dr. Mladen Ostojic, Independent Researcher, Serbia

  158. Dr. Ana Chupeska, Assistant Professor, University Ss.Cirilys and Methodious Skopje

  159. Dr. Isabel Stroehle, Independent Researcher, Germany

  160. Dr. Andreas Leutzsch, Visiting Associate Professor, The University of Hong Kong

  161. Prof. Chris Lorenz, Professor Emeritus, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

  162. Dr. Cecile Jouhanneau, Assistant Professor, University Paul Valery Montpellier

  163. Dr. Luisa Chiodi, Director,  Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso

  164. Guido van Hengel MA, Lecturer European Studies, The Hague University of Applied Sciences

  165. Dr. Josip Glaurdic, Leverhulme Fellow, Department of Politics and International Studies, University of Cambridge

  166. Nicolaas A. Kraft van Ermel, MA, Staff Member Netherlands-Russia Centre, University of Groningen

  167. Dzeneta Karabegovic, PhD Candidate, University of Warwick

  168. Alina Trkulja, Academic assistant, Center for Interdisciplinary Studies, University of Sarajevo

  169. Dr. Carlos González Villa, Researcher, Complutense Institute of International Relations, Madrid

  170. Adriano Remiddi, Academic Tutor, University of Sarajevo

  171. Peter van der Maas, EU Programme Manager, Utrecht University

  172. Dr. Stipica Grgić, Postdoctoral Researcher, University of Zagreb

  173. Mira Oklobdzija, Independent Researcher, (former research officer at the Office of the Prosecutor – ICTY)

  174. Pedro Teixeirense, Phd Candidate, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

  175. Dr. Eran Fraenkel, Balkan Historian, Former Country Director, Search for Common Ground in Macedonia

  176. Prof. dr. M.C.R. Grever, Professor of History, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam
  177. Joris Zantvoort, MA, Freelance Fournalist, The Netherlands

  178. Tom Heinen, MA, Geography teacher, Isendoorn College

  179. Dr. Dragana Obradović, Associate Professor, University of Toronto

  180. Dritan Shala MSc, Freelance Development Consultant

  181. Dr. František Šístek, Research Fellow, Institute of History, Czech Academy of Sciences

  182. Dr. Ana Miškovska Kajevska, Affiliated Researcher, Department of Political Science, University of Amsterdam

  183. Dr. Andréa Carolina Schvartz Peres, researcher, Centro Brasileiro Análise Planejamento

  184. Dr. Wayles Browne, Professor of Linguistics, Cornell University

  185. Sara Miellet, Research Master Student, Utrecht University

  186. Dr. Katherine Storr, Independent Researcher, U.K.

  187. Dr. Stef Scagliola, Postdoctoral Researcher, Department of History, Culture and Communication, Erasmus University Rotterdam

  188. Dr. Konrad Clewing, Researcher, Institut Fuer Ost- und Suedosteuropaforschung, Regensburg, Germany

  189. Aleksandra Nędzi, Trainee Attorney, District Bar Association of Cracow, Poland

  190. Ágúst Már Ágústsson MA, PhD Candidate, University of Vienna

  191. Dr. Vjollca Krasniqi, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Prishtina

  192. Dr. Isobel Grundy, Professor Emeritus, University of Alberta

  193. Alesandra Tatić, Research Master student in Ethnic and Minority studies, Eotvos Lorand University Budapest

  194. Justine Jones LLM, Lecturer and PhD Candidate, Department of International Relations, University of Groningen

  195. Romy Tahiana Petit , Student, London School of Economics and Political Science
  196. Irina Peyer, Master Student International Relations, London School of Economics and Political Science
  197. Hannah Candee, MSc Student, London School of Economics and Political Science

  198. Issie Cobb, Student, London School of Economics and Political Science

  199. Dr. Filip Bloem, Independent Historian, Amsterdam

  200. Dr. Marek Mikuš, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology

  201. Dr. Christian Costamagna, Adjunct Professor of Contemporary History and History of Eastern Europe, Università del Piemonte Orientale
  202. Sandrine Lacombe, Archiviste d'Etat, France

  203. Dr. Andrew Campbell, Strategic and Integration Planner, Institute of Technology

  204. Dr. Barbara N. Wiesinger, Independent Scholar, Vienna

  205. Duska Anastasijevic, Former Journalist at Vreme News Magazine

  206. Dr. Pien Versteegh, Independent Scholar, the Netherlands

  207. Mr. Harm Rudolf  Kern, MA student of Southeast European Studies, University of Graz

  208. Dr. Kora von Wittelsbach, faculty member, Dept. of Romance Languages,  Cornell University

  209.  Dr Floribert Baudet, AssociateProfessor of Intelligence and Security, Netherlands Defence Academy

  210. Azra Nuhefendic, Independent Journalist, Italy

  211. Dr. Klodiana Beshku, Lecturer, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Tirana

  212. Dr. Lindita Arapi-Boltz, Author/Journalist, Germany

  213. Laura Pérez Rastrilla, Researcher, Complutense University of Madrid

  214. Dr. Jochen Böhler, Research Assistance, Imre Kertész Kolleg Jena

  215. Jaime Hyatt, Research Associate, Imre Kertész Kolleg, Jena

  216. Csaba Szilagyi, Senior Human Rights Archivist, The Vera and Donald Blinken Open Society Archives

  217. Dr. Frederiek de Vlaming, Senior Researcher, Amsterdam Center for International Law, University of Amsterdam

  218. Dr. Maarten van Dijck, Assistant Professor History and Theory of the Social Sciences, Erasmus University Rotterdam

  219. Sandra Orlovic, Executive Director, Humanitarian Law Center Belgrade

  220. Ana Margoth Guerrero, Director of the Human Rights Archive of National Center of Memory, Colombia

  221. Dr. Holly Case, Associate Professor of History, Cornell University

  222. Dr. Bart Coppein, Research Associate, Ghent University

  223. Dr. Anjana Singh, Asstistant Professor in History, University of Groningen

  224. Dr. Susan Schuppli, Senior Lecturer, Centre for Research Architecture, Goldsmiths University of London

  225. Shela Sheikh, Lecturer, Centre for Cultural Studies, Goldsmiths University of London

  226. Marieke Zoodsma MA, Information Specialist, NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust, and Genocide studies

  227. Steven Bosch, Master's student in Artificial Intelligence, University of Groningen

  228. Dr. Ursula Daxecker, Assistant Professor Political Science, University of Amsterdam

  229. Dr. Christos Kourtelis, Lecturer of International Relations, Maastricht University

  230. Dr. María José Hierro, Postdoctoral Researcher, Department of Political Science, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

  231. Sofia Collignon-Delmar, PhD candidate, University College London

  232. Inmaculada Serrano, Associate Researcher, Spanish National Research Council

  233. Dr. Arancha García del Soto, Affiliated Faculty, IIHA- Institute for International Humanitarian Affairs

  234. Whitney K. Taylor, Graduate Student, Cornell University

  235. Arno van Roosmalen, Director, Art Institution Stroom, The Hague

  236. Jane Huldman, Head of Production, Art Institution Stroom, The Hague

  237. Daniela Lai, PhD Candidate in Politics and International Relations, University of London

  238. Dr Bojan Bilić, Marie Curie Fellow, University of Amsterdam

  239. Christoph Mikulaschek, Ph.D Candidate, Department of Politics, Princeton University

  240. Giuliano Turone, Retired Judge Italian Supreme Court of Cassation, Prosecuting Attorney ICTY OTP (1996-1997)

  241. Dr Katjana Gattermann, Assistant Professor Political Communication & Journalism, University of Amsterdam

  242. Dr. Danilo Šarenac, Research Fellow, Belgrade Institute for Contemporary History

  243. Christopher Fariss, Assistant Professor of Political Science, Pennsylvania State University

  244. Alexandria McCarthy, Student, London School of Economics & Political Science

  245. Camilla Alonzo, LL.M student, London School of Economics and Political Science

  246. Charlotte Haesen, Musician, Brussels, Belgium

  247. Dr. Becky Jinks, Lecturer in Modern European History, University of Exeter

  248. Dr. Ernesto Verdeja, Associate Professor of Political Science and Peace Studies, University of Notre Dame

  249. Mr Ajdin Dautović, Graduate Student, The Institute of European, Russian and Eurasian Studies, Carleton University

  250. Robert Parnica, M.Phil, Senior Reference Archivist, Vera and Donald Blinken Open Society Archives at

    Central European University in Budapest

  251. Dr. Melanie O’Brien, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, The University of Queensland

  252. Dr. Donna-Lee Frieze, Research Fellow, Contemporary History Research Group, Deakin University

  253. Prof. dr. José Otávio Guimarães, Department of History, University of Brasilia

  254. Dr. Aisling O’Sullivan, Lecturer in Law, University of Sussex

  255. Michaela Strapacova, Ph.D. Candidate International Relations, Masaryk University

  256. Dr. Steve R. Marquardt, Dean of Libraries Emeritus, South Dakota State University

  257. Daan de Leeuw, MA, Project Manager European Holocaust Research Infrastructure, NIOD Institute for War-, Holocaust-, and Genocide Studies

  258. Prof. Husnija Kamberovic, Professor of History and  Director of the Institute for History of the University of Sarajevo

  259. Sinan Alic, President of the Foundation Truth, Justice, Peace. Tuzla, Bosna i Herzegowina

  260. Mircea Stănescu, Archivist and Historian, National Archives of Romania, Bucharest

  261. Dan D. Calinescu, Manager, Prevost, Canada

  262. Cezar S. Ioncef, Ph.D candidate in History and Archival Science, Babes-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania

  263. Dr. Drew Thomas, Academic visitor. Department of Physics, Imperial College London